Alaskan pipeline, which is also known as «Trans Alaska Pipeline System», was designed to transport oil 800 miles from the North Slope of Alaska to Northern port in Valdez, Alaska. Alaskan oil pipeline crosses the three ridges, over 800 water, fault lines, boggy ground frost bullets and Caribbean base migration.
The construction was extremely difficult, considering the unforgiving terrain, taking unequal two years builders to finish; movement of the first oil through in 1977. The final price tag was $ 8 billion dollars, but the end result was well worth it, with 15 billion barrels of oil that pass through.
"All of a sudden people started coming to the city," described JB Carnahan, a former police officer in Fairbanks, Alaska. "It was kind of fast when it took off. Because I do not think anyone really believes that this monstrous project will affect us. I mean, maybe there is no policy, but I think the average guy was just kind of go, Oh, of course, we & # 39; We heard it before, and # 39, because it has always been a boom or bust town.
And suddenly, there it was. "When did the project of the Trans-Alaska pipeline, the flow of people came to the city from $ 3000 – $ 5000 available burning holes in their pockets, beautiful women arrived from New York and Florida, welders and builders pushed up from Oklahoma and Texas, South America and Irish immigrants came to collect a check and everyone from secretaries and teachers, prostitutes and pimps came in search of his destiny.
Fairbanks had not seen such activity since the gold rush in the late 1800s! During the year, the population has doubled in size to 40,000 strong, and the pipeline project has transformed this sleepy two-cop town into a bustling metropolis. Unfortunately, with all the business came higher rents, more drugs and more crime.
Construction of the Alaska pipeline was exploit the immune system, taking three years, using more than 70,000 people and cost more than $ 8 billion engineer Bill X & # 39;. YIT said that the organization was one of the biggest problems. "As all these things and materials, and the ability to withstand the 10,000 people who work in a place where no one has worked before.
And there was no infrastructure – it was a big deal. "For the contractors, they worked hard, but they are hard to celebrate, too. Diane Benson commented, "We used to joke that you could say that the Union who belonged to the fact that the drug of choice they had. I mean, it seemed like operators were n & # 39; Team Janica or coke were monsters and childbirth were pots. "
Many tourists visiting the state of Alaska, hoping to catch a bird & # 39; s eye view massive Alaska 800-mile pipeline, which extends over mountains and blue violet ice illuminated purple sunsets or compensated brilliant blue sky, grass zigzags through yellowed or straight through liner frozen tundra. Customers can photograph the pipeline from several points of view marked along highways Richardson, Steese and Dalton.
Richardson Highway, you can stop at Milepost V 64.7 (pump station 12), Milepost V 216 (Denali Fault), Milepost V 243,5 and Tanana River Crossing Pipeline at Milepost V 275,4. On the lookout spot Steese Highway, visitors can go directly to the pipe or verify information cabin on "Trans-Alaska Pipeline Viewpoint", located at Milepost F 8.4, just outside of Fairbanks, Alaska. Dalton along the highway that parallels the pipeline, you can see the structure of the visitors Contacts station BLM Yukon River Crossing at Milepost J 56, just over two hours from Fairbanks.