Explore the old Russian cemetery and soar with the eagles in Sitka, Alaska

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Stepped in history and culture, and is surrounded by picturesque wooded islands, towering mountains, high volcano, and soaring eagles – Sitko with & # 39 is that the majority of tourists imagine when they think of Alaska & # 39; s natural wonders.

Founded by Russian researchers in the eighth century, Sitko (once called New Archangel) is within easy view of Mt. Edgecombe, an extinct volcano, which adds drama has a rich and colorful landscape.

Sitko before Juneau

City of 9,000 inhabitants was the capital of Alaska between 1867 when the United States acquired "Seward & # 39; ICEBOX S »of Russia until 1912, when the territorial seat of government was moved to the current state capital, Zhuy. The place where the transfer of ownership took place in Alaska a short walk from the cruise-gentle dokya on Sitko Bay.

What to do in Sitka

Seen Sitko offers the traveler the opportunity to participate in the Russian cultural tours and outdoor activities, which include fishing, hiking, biking, kayaking, and nature walks and other attractions.

visiting the cemetery

We always try to offer something a little more in our review of the trip, and our choice for Sitko to & # 39 is the Old Russian cemetery, which dates back to the 1800s.

Marked on the tourist maps, but not on an organized tour, the old cemetery is located within walking distance from the city center.

graves input is not a label, and, judging by the narrow paths, not frequented by many visitors.

The cemetery was built on a complex landscape of thickly wooded hills – the dark winding paths lined with moss and ferns – is not particularly conductive to carry the casket.

The grounds are not supported. Most of the century # 39; s Old weathered gravestones sunk into the wet peat soils and rest at odd angles to the surrounding areas – as a result of a horrible melange geometric ghostly forms.

If you like to read Poe, you will enjoy a visit to this creepy yet magical cemetery.

eagles everywhere

The last time we saw a bald eagle was in Big Bear Lake in California, when a small tourist spotted one soaring high above the water. Aimed furor among the spectators.

Contrast that experience is the only excursion Sitko, where there are bald eagles everywhere – hundreds.

Proud and beautiful American icon with a white head and a huge wingspan of a & # 39 is a neodymium & # 39; emnay part of life in Sitka.

Bald eagles soar over his head – all the time, and look like a white Christmas decorations as they sit in the tall evergreen trees that line the shore.

How to get there

Sitko is located halfway up the Inside Passage in the Alexander Archipelago, on the island of Baranof and attend the majority of cruise ships floating in the canal.

Sitko also served by ferry fleet Alaska Marine Highway and Alaska Airlines.

If you are traveling Inside Passage, be sure to Sitka route. You will not be disappointed.

Happy travels.

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Alaska Hunting Guide

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That hunting AND WHERE: Alaska Hunter & # 39; s paradise. Hunting here can provide a full on & # 39; the amount of experiences- caribou and moose, from gnawing and brown bears, wolves, from the tiles, sheep and mountain goats muskox, from waterfowl to Ptarmigan and several species of grouse. Various Alaska geographic areas offer adventure for everyone, give us various options:

Inter & # 39; er Alaska. On the mountains and hills, river valleys covered with forests to the vast spaces of treeless tundra at higher altitudes and in the far north. Temperatures vary greatly throughout the year, from -50 Celsius (-58 Fahrenheit) in the winter months to +30 Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) during the summer. There are only a few highways in the interior of Alaska. Most of the area can only be reached by plane, boat or on foot. Summers are warm, but short. Climatic and landscape conditions provide variety of big game: moose and caribou, tile sheep in the mountains, some wild bison, muskox in the arctic Alaska, wolves, black and grizzly bears, waterfowl, some grouse and partridge.

South-east (narrow and long part between the Pacific ocean and Canada). It consists of mainland and many treed mountainous islands along the coast. The main hunting trophies here brown and black bears, moose and mountain goats, mule deer and wolves. Controlled hunting is carried out mainly by boat, the most popular hunting spots on the islands in the central part of the district.

South and Southwest (to the south and west of the Yukon River). Mountain Interior with plenty of rivers and lakes, ragged coastal line dotted with numerous islands. The region offers a wide variety of games: deer, Dall sheep, deer, elk, wolves, wolverine, brown and black bear, waterfowl, grouse species.

ALASKA General: HUNTING

If you hunt in a general season, which is open to an unlimited number of hunters, you'll need a ticket harvest. Harvest tickets are available for free, where you can buy hunting licenses. Non-residents are required to have a big game tag for the species they hunt. Some remote rural areas may not have licenses available or supplier may run out of tickets harvest. Do not forget to buy a license, playing tag and pick up tickets for the harvest, before leaving the house or town. If the population of animals is too small and / or the potential number of hunters too large to allow a general season or a registration hunt, the Department may offer drawing permits. Drawing Hunt permit application is published every May. The drawing for permit hunts is held in early summer, and everyone who applies will be informed of the results by mail or can be found on the Alaska Department of Fish and Wildlife Service & # 39; s website. The app contains all the drawing hunts by number for all big game species. Most hunting permits drawings open to both resident and non-resident hunters. The hunter may qualify for a three-resolution image hunts for each species. Fees are charged for each separate hunt. You can choose any of the amendments to the Fish and Wildlife Service office, on a website, or license providers.

Hunting permits and application forms can be downloaded from the Internet and print. You can also purchase hunting licenses, duck stamp big game tag online, print them at home, and you can go hunting or trapping right away. Complete Alaska Hunting Regulations Guide can be found here. The main non-resident hunting license costs $ 85 plus some extra fees for big game tags.

HUNTING Belarus On: Nonresidents may hunt moose, deer, deer, and black bear without a guide. Hunters who are not Alaska residents must be accompanied by a registered Alaskan guide or they must hunt with close relatives to the second degree of kinship, that with & # 39 are residents of Alaska, when hunting brown or grizzly bears, tile, sheep or mountain goats. You can search online for licensed guides of great games in your area. Most guides provide 80-100 percent for most big game species. In addition, guides are familiar with their areas and possess equipment that the average hunter might not care to buy a disposable. However, lead & # 39; s knowledge, experience and equipment do not come cheap. Although the numbers Var & # 39; iruyutstsa from the leadership to guide, expect to spend $ 8,000- $ 12,000 for a brown / grizzly hunt, $ 4,000- $ 6,000 for hunting sheep and $ 1,500- $ 3,000 for a goat hunt. Mousse and the Caribbean often & # 39 are part of a mixed-bag hunt and prices vary considerably. The best way to find a reliable guide to the & # 39 is a reference.

Aviation charter: Many hunters choose Aviacharter service flying on simple hunting grounds for hunting these species. Aviacharter operator is licensed by the state to charge for flying hunter and game meat. The transportation of hunting cheaper than managed or has a hunting because Aviacharter take care of transportation and may throw in some planning councils. Hunter provides all the camping equipment and the performances of all other functions on their own. Before you sign a contract with the operator of air transportation, you should have a clear understanding of the cost of services and know exactly what services you can expect. Prices and services vary considerably. Air Charter operators may charge a flat rate or per hour for flight time. When calculating the cost of an hourly rate, you have to take into account the "dead head" time, the time a pilot spends flying to base after dropping you off, and the time spent flying out to pick you up. Again, be sure to ask where the package includes flying out the meat and antlers. Some packages also include checked at least once during the hunt to bring the game or move you if you have not been successful. charter cost also depends on the size of the aircraft and the number of hunters who share expenses. Make sure you explain the number of hunters in the group and the amount of gear you have. You can search online for licensed vehicles in your area. Also check the extensive list of Alaska Aircraft Charters, Bush Pilots, air taxis.

Weather & # 39; E: Alaskan summers are cool, the average temperature is +14 deg.C (58 F), in the summer and -12 deg.C (11 F) in winter, but it can significantly Var & # 39; iravatstsa between different regions of the state . Winters are cold and dark. Early spring can be cold, but is often above the freezing heat days with a lot of sunshine. He gets the midnight sun for part of the summer and is included in 24-hour darkness during the part of winter. Summers with & # 39 is the wet season, the southern regions are well known for their moisture. You can check out the weather forecast for the next & # 39; I have a week here to Anchorage.

How to get there: You can fly to Anchorage direct or one-stop from most major US cities. From there Alaska Aircraft Charters, Bush Pilots, air taxis will help you explore the America & # 39; s greatest playground. Many small villages and towns have airports all out & # 39; I served daily by small air carriers.
Location: Depending on your preference, it may be a small camping tent or a luxurious hunting lodge with all the modern conveniences and comforts. There are also some primitive cabins for private use maintained by government. They can accommodate from 4 to 8 people, cost from $ 20 to $ 50 (USD) per day and must be reserved in advance, usually- month. You need to contact the proper agency directly to book a cabin.

TRAVEL TIPS: Northern weather & # 39; e can be unpredictable. Consider taking with you and wearing multiple layers of clothes in response to a wide range of temperatures and weather conditions. Get detailed maps of the area in advance. Do not forget to take a first aid kit and survival kit, as well as bear repellents. Make sure you check available information, understand all the guidelines for hunting in Alaska before you leave the house.

We wish you a successful and safe trip!

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Alaska Earthquake and Tsunami, 1964

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1964 Anchorage, Alaska, earthquake and tsunami arrested without warning on Good Friday, March 27.

It was a quiet spring day in Anchorage, a holiday. Temperatures have been unseasonably mild to moderate amount of snow on the ground. Children had the day off from school, and customer traffic in the center of the store was light. Many residents were preparing or enjoying dinner at home. At 5:36 pm a major earthquake began to shake the earth, and the earth beneeth Southcentral Alaska moved in waves for the next four minutes long.

Parents and children slipped, stumbled and fell to the ground sliding panic in an effort to get outdoors, to avoid breaking the window. Two inches to the & # 39 cracks appeared in the ground in many places. Roads wrinkled and split and Fourth Avenue in downtown Anchorage broke and collapsed 10 feet or more. The Government Hill Elementary School twisted, shifted and became unusable at the moment. The outer wall of JC Penney building crashed to the street. In the Turnagain residential district the ground liquefied like a swimmer, slid, and swallowed up 75 or more homes.

Four minutes of the earthquake released energy equivalent to about 10 million times the forces of the atomic bomb. The mass of the earth and the oceans absorb much of the force, but man-made structures in the area may not absorb the rest of the force without suffering huge losses. The total material damage is estimated at $ 500 million.

Anchorage inoperative gas lines and water lines were severed abruptly. Residents turned to melting snow for water while waiting for repairs. Four days later students returned to available schools, life in Anchorage began to recover.

earthquake

Earthquake Center in Alaska was located about 75 miles east of Anchorage and about 55 miles west of Valdez. It began 14 to 16 miles deep into the earth, and # 39; crust, a comparatively shallow depth, where the Pacific plate dives favor North American plate. The huge subduction zone is located in the north of Ring of Fire, a semicircle of volcanic and earthquake activity that defines the edge of the Pacific Ocean.

earthquake fault, more precisely advancing what caused the earthquake on Good Friday stretched 750 miles from Alaska & # 39; s Valdez Aleutian Islands. Pacific plate that day moved about 25 to 30 feet northward, diving beneath the North American plate. Grinding two massive tectonic plates caused the Alaska earthquake and measured 8.4 on the Richter scale. In subsequent years, the measurement of the earthquake in Alaska was raised to 9.2 to Mw, or moment magnitude, scale as the Richter scale was determined to be inaccurate when measuring very large earthquakes above 8.0. During the day, the initial major earthquake 11 more than a tremor of 6.0 or more to shake already nervous population. In fact, aftershocks continued for nearly a year.

The earthquake caused the ground to displace upward by as much as 25 feet on several islands in Alaska nearly 3 feet upward at the city of Valdez. In other areas, the soil is displaced downward as much as 9 feet, for example, in Portage city.

An earthquake in Alaska on Good Friday was the strongest earthquake ever recorded in North America. It was the second strongest ever recorded in the world, surpassed in strength of the earthquake at 9.5 MW in Chile, 22 in 1960, my recent December 26, 2004, an earthquake off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra measured 9.0 MW. Death earthquake in Shaanxi Province, China, in 1556, killing more than 830 thousand inhabitants.

tsunami

tsunami with & # 39 is an adapted Japanese word meaning "harbor wave", a reference to the fact that the wave of & # 39; s danger and destructive power only become evident as it approaches the shore.

During the 1964 earthquake in Alaska in North America plate released upward, displacing a huge on the & # 39; the volume of ocean water and causing a seismic wave, a tsunami, to travel outward. Wave traveled an estimated 450 miles per hour in the deeper ocean in a long wave of almost imperceptible height.

As the tsunami wave passed over the continental shelf and approached shore its length reduced, its velocity decreases and its height is increased by a massive on & # 39; the volume and mass of water prepared to release its incredible energy on anything in its path.

The shallow Valdez input wave reached a maximum height of about 200 feet. Further, in the Old Town Valdez, 30-foot wall of water was delayed and destroyed all the buildings. Twenty eight Valdez residents died when the tsunami dropped ashore. Valdez was later rebuilt to a higher altitude and farther away from the coastline.

In Seward, Alaska, the earthquake caused part of the bay to slide. Slide caused a local tsunami that devastated Seward & # 39; s port and downtown district, both of which were eventually rebuilt. Twelve residents perished in Seward.

The small town of Portage was bound by its own local tsunami and not relocated or rebuilt. Other local tsunamis small port of Whittier killing of 12 residents.

destruction

Original tsunami traveled about 8400 miles. It caused damage in Hawaii and along the coast of Oregon and California. A 20-foot wave of contract Crescent City, California, and killed 10 people. The tsunami was responsible for the deaths of 16 people in Oregon and California.

The tsunami killed a total of 122 people in three states. For comparison, the earthquake has caused 9 fatalities.

It took more than 40 years after the earthquake and tsunami in Alaska. At the same time, building materials and construction methods have been tougher to create structures capable of withstanding a powerful earthquake. In addition, at the same time, the population of Alaska and # 39, S vulnerable areas increased significantly.

Smaller earthquakes along Alaska & # 39 Speed ​​subduction zone and other fault zones occur on a daily basis, presumably facilitating internal pressure that could produce another massive earthquake.

However, no one knows with certainty when, where, or another huge and destructive land hit Alaska.

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The necessary information about car insurance in Alaska

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There are many positive aspects of life in the big state of Alaska. With wild animals in the amazing scenery of the place – it is not surprising that the place has suddenly become a tourist hotspot. If there is one thing that & # 39; not so positive in Alaska & # 39 is that, as the car insurance in Alaska can be very expensive – at least compared with other countries in this country. According to a recent survey, the state has one of the highest cost of auto insurance in the country. Why it is more expensive to own and drive a car in Alaska? Read on to find out the reasons and many others.

Expensive coating Alaska

There are several reasons why car insurance in Alaska is higher than in other states. The most obvious and glaring reason is that the geographical position of the state can be controlled from & # 39 is that it comes more complicated – and that people are more prone to accidents. Given this fact, the tort system is used in Alaska, when it comes to auto insurance. This means that the state will hold you responsible for any damage to your car and the car belongs to the other side, if you are recognized as a participant at fault. This is one reason why car insurance rate is quite high – even if you have and maintain good control entry.

minimum requirements

If you want to own and drive a car in Alaska legal way – insurance policy must be one that can cover at least $ 50,000 for each person. At the same time, the policy of minimum liability should be able to cover the $ 100 000 for each case. Rooms are located high enough so that policy can protect the driver, and # 39; s guilt in the case of Sur & # 39; oznay injury or even death to the other side. In addition – an insurance policy should also be able to repair the damage to property from 25 000 $.

Reduce the cost of insurance

With car insurance in Alaska & # 39 is that it can not be determined. In fact, this is a must have for anyone who wants to register a vehicle. Although the number of the above, it may seem impossible, there is a way or two to help reduce the cost of insurance down. It requires you to be actively looking for the best deal in town, though. This means that a search on the Internet for the best deals around, as well as opening the phone book and calling different insurance providers. Doing this one after the other may seem complicated, but look at it this way. You & # 39; only have to do it once, and you & # 39; You will be rewarded with lower cost car insurance. It sounds like a win-win situation. When making a call from a representative of an insurance company, it is necessary to emphasize the fact that you are shopping around for the best deal. This will increase your chances of getting better and more affordable deal. It & # 39; S trick that sees to work every time – no matter where you live in the country.

For more tips to reduce the cost

Another way to reduce your car insurance costs in Alaska to make some adjustments to the car that you are insured for. For example, making sure it is in perfect condition, carrying out regular inspection can help to reduce the cost on insurance. In addition, it is possible to improve vehicle safety features to help reduce the cost of insurance. And finally, you always have to drive carefully and follow the rules. Not only for the sake of your well-being, but also to get the lowest rate auto insurance. You see – in the past accidents and traffic violations, of course, increase the value. Using common sense and the tips above, you can get a cheap car insurance in Alaska.

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Cruising in Alaska

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We decided to spend their summer holidays on a cruise to the coast of Alaska. For me it was a spot on the corner of the map and fiction in the directory. United States bought Alaska from Russia for two cents per acre in 1867, and then they found gold. Now one of the most important reserves of the world. Humpback whales, seals, sea lions, eagles, and grizzly bear have in abundance. It is a land of glaciers, rainforests and unspoiled natural beauty. Alaska is twice the size of the next largest state (if they were Texans to submit them to keep quiet).

The first day at sea was a chance to explore the ship and book shore excursions that must travel this kind. Then it was time to visit the table Purser, change some money and my cruise card registered. This would allow me to charge any costs on board and pay with a credit card at the end of the cruise.

The cabins were spacious and comfortable seating area even more. When I went over to her music changed rhythmic piano playing reminiscent of Charlie Kunz. I would, I decided to take a seat and give their support to the player. When I went to the empty piano stool, I realized that the piano is played automatically. I'm not one to dismiss miracles electronic revolution; sitting in a chair with his back to the piano, I can not tell the difference, but did not remember applauding at the end part.

Little trip to the picturesque, as the Inside Passage – trees from the coast climb steep mountain slopes on mile after mile on either side of the vessel. The islands here provide shelter from the open sea, which makes the water smooth throughout the voyage. My test of the calm sea, whether pencil balanced on its tip on the table. It is still, as a vertically like a rocket ready to launch.

Day at sea gives time to prepare for the Captain's Welcome Aboard Cocktail Party (beauty salon offers all kinds of treatments, from massages to hairdressing and facials). It was one of the two official parties. The dress was black tie or lounge suit. Rum punch, wine and soft drinks were served with canapes. It was a pleasant acquaintance with the eventful cruise.

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Alaska Gay Bars

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Juneau Alaska & # 39; s capital and located approximately 600 miles from Alaska & # 39; s other major city, Alaska. There's no available path either into or out of Zhuo, but almost all of them are available in Alaska flowering enterprises charter aircraft.

This type of insurance accounts for a friendly face, a & # 39 is a trademark of Alaska, and it is this quality that the gay community here is the most attractive. In June you can take advantage of numerous gay bars in Alaska, as well as Southeast Alaska Gay and Lesbian Alliance. Juneau also & # 39 is home to the LGBT Pride choir, respected and punish the local theater company with a huge gay following manner. You will also feel at home in its numerous bars, and a host of gay friendly restaurants and hotels.

Anchorage from & # 39 is another very gay friendly Alaskan city and & # 39 is the largest city with a population of more than a quarter of a million inhabitants. Anchorage is well known as the cultural Mecca of Alaska, and it includes a considerable weight in the theater, the arts, and with these cultural centers, a very prominent gay community. Anchorage Sun dazzling city, but offers a feel good vibe that will make you very comfortable in its many gay bars in Alaska.

In Anchorage you will definitely want to stay at the Glacier Brewhouse, a well-known gay bar in Alaska, which is known for its cultural cuisine and beer lambic. Coffeehouse Laurus also well-known Alaska gay bar, which offers a more intimate setting for lounging with a coffee, cocktails, and complimentary wireless Internet access.

When in Anchorage, check Cyrano & # 39; Theater Company, where you can catch a show and hang them from blossoming gay community after. After the show, the head of the city to enjoy the night strange Alaska gay bars. Mad Peacefully & # 39; s is one of Alaska's gay bars, hosts cabaret and dancing hot and heavy. For more male oriented, check out Raven, just a stone's throw from the peace & # 39; s.

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Tips and advice for a cruise / tour of Alaska in a wheelchair

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I was very nervous before taking a 14-day land / cruise tour to Alaska, because I am attached to the wheelchair. Despite the fact that I can stand, I can not walk. When moving in a wheelchair, there is always a glitch with something that is supposed to BP, obedient and not from the & # 39 is.

Our journey started in Anchorage, and then took us to the Copper Center, Fairbanks, Denali National Park, Mt. McKinley and Talkeetna. After the land tour, we boarded a cruise ship in Whittier and went south through the Inland Passage to Vancouver, the port dock in Skagway, Juneau and Ketchikan.

Overall, the trip was excellent from the point of view of accessibility, although there were a few hiccups that we encountered along the way. I led them to the cruise line & # 39; s attention and to share them with you.

Below is a summary of tips and tricks that I do with my own personal experience, if you are planning a trip:

  • Never assume that if someone tells you a room, transportation, transfer, etc. meets ADA standards, it's there. There is a wide difference in the interpretation and speculation, when one says that it is "ADA compliant." You should make a list of specific issues that require specific responses from a travel agent who is really knowledgeable about your specific needed areas.
  • When I started planning my trip, I was working with the cruise line directly. I talked with the agents who actually cruised on the boat we took, that could give me information about a wheelchair-friendly ships and help me choose a room. I also talked to their department access to housing affordability relative in the hotel rooms and things like transfer / intercity bus / rail lifts. These people were very helpful. I do not want to work in an independent travel agency, I learned from experience that certain things do not always get the answer right, or get 'lost in translation' when it goes through a third party.
  • I booked my trip almost a year in advance, so that I could get exactly what I wanted. For example, I wanted a room on the deck, which contained a buffet, grill and outdoor pools / seat / movies, to eliminate the use of the elevator. He also saved us $ 1400 to get an inside room – outside open deck was just outside our door so we did not need the room balcony.
  • We booked in September, because there were fewer crowds to move to the cities, and there are small children. I believe that when I am in my scooter, I have to be always looking out for others; so many people – especially children, do not look at me. In addition, we do not have to deal with mosquitoes at this time of the year, we saw the northern lights, beautiful autumn colors, and the days were cold – 50-60 degrees. Cooler temperatures were good for me, as my MS is very sensitive to warm, humid days, which often occurs in the summer months in Alaska.
  • I sent a letter in writing to their access department that I was "confined to a wheelchair", requiring elevators for all types of transport and roll soul for all the numbers, if any. I recommend sending a letter, if you are completely limited, since it will cover you later, if there are problems, in my case it was done.

For example, there were three motor coaches arrived, who do not have elevators. Fortunately, I have a small (125 pounds). And my husband is strong, so I was able to be lifted up into the carriage. Otherwise I would have to stay that would violate my trip, and canceled one of my tours. In the future, this is what I would do and what I would recommend others to do: Check with desk Tour every hotel that you stay on it once again to confirm that the vehicles with an elevator will be available for you to over the next few days. You can also re-confirm any other special needs that you request ahead of time, such as a roll-in shower. Twice I got a room without sliding into the shower, and then found out that this room was given to someone who did not require one. If I was traveling with my sister instead of my husband, I would not be able to take a shower, because it can not raise me in the bath, which had a chair to put in it.

If you are a & # 39; a wheelchair user part-time, please note that there are 5-7 steps, entering the long-distance, and they are quite steep.

Bridges were elevators, as well as some tourist buses in Denali National Park.

Surprisingly, the availability in Alaskan cities – even the smallest interior space – very good. If I use the toilet, I need help with my husband. We managed to find a restroom that was both big enough for us, even in roadhouses we stopped to eat during our trip. Note: Toilet rail can accommodate two people, so if you are someone who needs a helper, you will need to prepare yourself in other ways for 5-6 hours drive away.

If you think about a cruise or tour, I suggest to start planning their events a year in advance, because the handicap accessible rooms are limited and fill up fast.

Finally, because of the unpredictability of my the MS, I decided to buy insurance in case of health problems happen that would prevent me from going.

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Crab Fishing in Alaska – Fishing Wealth

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No, this is not Bill Gates. This is not the diamond merchants of South Africa or the oil barons of Saudi Arabia either. The world & # 39; paid jobs seconds crab fishing in Alaska. In the cold waters off the Alaskan shoreline house a real fishing Goldmine and crab industry in Alaska has been aptly dubbed the last great gold is sent to the ground.

Crab fishing with & # 39 is the most significant of the Alaskan commercial shellfish industries. Water Alaska, notably the Bering Sea, Bristol Bay, Dutch Harbor and Kodiak and the Aleutian Islands to the & # 39 are home to rich bounties of crabs: Kozhevnikov, Danzhenessy and accused Alaskan king crab.

Different varieties of Alaskan crabs possess immense commercial value and the Alaskan King crab in particular, with the & # 39 is a valuable dish in the culinary world, valued as highly as caviar or vintage French wine. US and Japanese restaurants with a & # 39 are the primary importers of Alaskan red king crab in the world.

The idea of ​​evaluation of crab production in Alaska can be gained from the fact that a seasoned fisherman can hope to rope in US $ 50000 in the amount of catch in eight weeks.

The commercial crab fishing industry in Alaska has its origins in 1950 Recoil promoted from the very start and the region quickly attracted hundreds of US fishing boats. The 1980s were the heyday crab production in Alaska. During this boom period crab fishing boat captain regularly earned US $ 150000 in a season and the crab fishing boats boasted of saunas, music systems and microwaves.

But by 1983, the Alaskan King crab industry fell for no apparent reason. The worst slump in fishing history, it forced fishermen to look for alternative sources of fishing. Thus Alaskan commercial fishing branched or salmon and halibut or sawdust and Baird, two types Tanner crab.

Since then the Alaskan crab fishing trade looked a little since 2001 sold the & # 39; appearance in 23.2 million pounds of industrial stock in the amount of US $ 36 million. But crab fishing in Alaska still continues to command the highest pay packet in the world.

But it's only iridescent side of the work. Crab fishing in Alaska & # 39 is one of the most dangerous of all jobs in the world. In order to catch crabs in the glacial waters of the Arctic Ocean in sub-zero temperatures, with pounding waves thrashing on the deck and tossing the fishing boat treacherously and icy winds howling continuously, needs a strong heart and able body. In addition, your work will involve negotiating intensive crab pots and coil line along the slippery deck.

Each body muscles and tendons are stretched to handle and exhaustion before breakdown point from 39 & # is common. Mutilated limbs, crushed fingers and rib, broken leg staple fare in the grueling 20-21 hour daily schedules, while men topping behind the accident are not uncommon either. In fact, every year there are some casualties in these fishing trips.

Nevertheless, despite all the difficulties, there is no shortage of people looking for work in the fish trade. Crab fishing in Alaska is surrounded by a halo of work on the ground.

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Alaska Fishing Trips

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Alaska with & # 39 is the perfect place in the world to have a fishing experience of a lifetime. With an infinite number of fisheries resources, Alaska with & # 39 is the place to go for fish for rainbow trout, chinook salmon or halibut.

Alaska fishing to assure a nice fishing experience against the spectacular wilderness land. When choosing where to go in Alaska, it is very important to know the type of fish you are expecting to catch, because some types of a particular region. For example, if you are going on a fishing trip in Alaska and want to catch halibut, you should try and look at the fishing areas where halibut is known to ride. Ask the local population, where it can be, and you'll get some good advice.

Climatic conditions also have to be concucive for the fish you are looking for. If you are fishing in the summer, you may not be able to catch the same species of fish that you used last winter. Again, ask.

Southeast Alaska to the & # 39 is popular for salmon, steelhead and halibut fishing. Great wealth fighting fish found in the river Ken. Anchorage, Seward, Soldotna, Homer, the Kodiak Island south-central Alaska, Bristol Bay and Kuskokwim River in southwest Alaska fishing simple directions. Lake Hood in Anchorage, Alaska is famous for fly fishing.

No matter when and where you choose to fish in Alaska, not necessarily to pack all the necessary materials. In the cold winter months, you should dress warmly. At other times of year, dress in layers, so that a sudden change in temperature can be placed as you fish all day or for a week or weekend.

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Snow in Alaska? – You'd be surprised,

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There is snow in Alaska? Of course, it does. But the reality of the amount of snow that gets Alaska can be very different from the popular concept of snow in Alaska.

Many people conceive of Alaska as a barren land where it snows constantly in massive quantities, and where everyone lives in an igloo. Such a concept makes Alaska sound like a cold and white land.

In fact, Alaska has more lakes, rivers and green trees than does any state in the US State intensely green and rich much of the year. However, total rainfall and snowfall total may be much smaller than you think.

Alaska Snowfall Totals

Here are some average annual precipitation and snowfall over the cross section of Alaska.

Anchorage — 15,37 "—- 69,0" Snowfall precipitation

Barrow ——- 4.67 "———– 28.0"

Fairbanks —- 10.37 '———– 68.0 "

Homer ——- 24,93 "———– 58,0"

Juneau 52.86 —— "———– 101.0"

McGrath —– 16,18 "———– 93.0"

Name ——– 15.64 "———– 56.0"

Valdez ——- 61.50 "———– 320.0"

Compared with the Buffalo, NY, receives an average of 80 "to 100" of snow each year. Some sections of upstate New York, were also affected by their proximity to the Great Lakes, receive an average of 150 "to 200" of snowfall per year. Hooker, N.Y., received 466 "of snow during the winter of 1976-1977.

Minneapolis, Minnesota, received heavy seasonal snowfall total of 98 "during the winter of 1983-1984.

As you can see from Alaska makes up a large part of Alaska with a & # 39 is relatively dry, receiving less than 20 "of rain a year. Southcentral and southeastern coastal areas receive more rainfall.

Far to the north of Alaska receives precipitation totals typical of a desert. Please note, the annual result Barrow is only 4.67 "of moisture. Of course, most of this amount falls as snow. Because of the ice under the soil and the lack of intense drying sunshine runoff and evaporation are minimal. That is why northern Alaska entirely dry desert, despite the small amounts of precipitation.

Alaska Snow Reports

It's always interesting to hear about extremes and they can certainly be found in Alaska. For example, Thompson Pass, a popular extreme ski and snowboard area north of Valdez, once received a record 974.5 "of snow during the winter of 1952-1953.

Thompson Pass recorded 62 "snow during one 24-hour period in December 1955. In February 1953, Thompson Pass received a record 297.9" snow. It is almost 25 feet of snow in just one month!

The deepest snow recorded in Alaska, and the deepest in all of North America occurred in Wolverine Glacier on the Kenai Peninsula during the winter of 1976-1977 gg. The depth was 356 ". It's packed, condensed snow. Deep almost 30 feet!

For comparison, Barrow, in the dry north, received a record minimum amount of snow during the winter of 1935-1936, only 3 years. "

Here are a couple of other extremes for total precipitation. Montague Island in 1976 received a record 332.29 "precipitation. It is almost an inch of rain per day! On the other hand, Barrow received only 1.61" of precipitation for the entire 1935.

In Alaska stores a large amount of fresh water in its glaciers. Surprisingly 75% of the world's fresh water held in glaciers worldwide and has more than a fair share of Alaska.

Alaska has more than 5,000 glaciers, covering over 100,000 square miles. Alaska has more glaciers than the entire rest of the world together, with the exception of the ice fields of Antarctica and Greenland.

Valdez, Northern Switzerland

Valdez is located on the coast of Southcentral Alaska and receives an average of more than 300 "snow in the year. As a rule, there is a 6-foot snow drifts on city rooftops. Canyon a few miles north of Valdez with & # 39 is home to several frozen waterfalls and It makes a world-class destination for ice climbers Valdez.

Thompson Pass, further north of Valdez, boasts some of the best helicopters available extreme skiing and snowboarding terrain in all of North America. Not surprisingly, that Valdez was not called the "Switzerland of the North."

Each year Valdez holds Winter Carnival. Between 1990 Winter Carnival snow has passed the sign. As part of a winter holiday city showed the movie "500" Back to the beach "on the 20-foot by 18-foot" screen ", which they carved out of the snow bank. It is about the external drive-in theater!

What is snow?

Snow and frozen ice crystal size and shape of the crystals depends on the temperature of the formation and amount of water vapor that is present during forming.

Pure snow crystals with a & # 39 are hexagonal, six others. The basic water molecule consists of two atoms of hydrogen and one oxygen atom to form a triangle of three equal sides. During crystallization each new kidney ice crystal is formed at an angle of 60 degrees. Crystallization continues until 6 of these triangles are not complete. As the crystal falls through the atmosphere becomes more and more, and its six sided structure becomes the basis for more complex snowflakes.

Common forms include star snowflakes, needles, flat planes, columns, capped column, dendrite and irregular groups. Some snowflakes can be as 1 "in diameter.

For one of the most interesting human stories about snowflake research, I consider that Wilson Bentley. He earned the nickname "Snowflake» Bentley, because he was the first person to photograph a single snow crystal in 1885. He studied over 5000 snowflakes and declared that no two snowflakes are not exactly the quote, which has been transferred from generation to generation anonymously until now.

In 1931, when the Snowflake Bentley died, he published a book called snow crystalsThe book contains more than 2,400 images of Snowflake Bentley.

How many Eskimo words there snow?

As already mentioned, there are 52 words in the language of the Inuit Eskimos, Yupik or snow. It's also been said that there are 21 words, and it's also been said that there are over 400. Where does the truth lie?

The idea that, because the snow is so important in the life of the northern indigenous peoples, which should be a lot of words to describe it reached the level of myth. The truth is that there are probably about as many Eskimo words for snow as there are English words for snow.

Alaska Climate Changes

According to Alaska Senator Ted Stevens, "Alaska harder hit by global climate change than any place in the world." Global warming is a trend for many years, but very few places show as many consequences of the trend, as does Alaska. The average temperature has risen nearly 7 degrees in the last 30 years.

Changes due to global warming are, for example, that the permafrost in Fairbanks and other towns is no longer permanent. The land was sharply drops due to melting permafrost and hydraulic jacks are needed on many buildings to keep them level. Further north, in Barrow, there are now mosquitoes where there once was.

In the coastal village of Shishmaref a higher water gradually decreases towards the land of village buildings. The village may have to relocate further inland.

Spruce bark beetles have killed 4 million acres of white spruce forests on the picturesque Kenai Peninsula, the largest devastation due to insects ever experienced in North America. Beetles have been able to reproduce twice their normal rate due to the higher summer temperatures. Dead trees are a huge fire hazard around many settlements and major recreational areas are threatened.

The glaciers were moving away at an incredible speed. Portage Glacier, south of Anchorage, has not retreated so much in the last 20 years that it is no longer visible from the visitor center. Columbia Glacier in Prince William Sound is currently the fastest moving glacier in the world, retreating 80 to 115 feet per day. She stepped over 6 miles in 1982.

There are a lot of glaciers and significant snow in Alaska, but the changes occur at an increased rate and will have worldwide effects.

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